HIV-Related Deaths and Economic Shocks: Does Survivors’ Consumption Recover Over Time in Kwazulu-Natal?

Alessandra Garbero, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
Ian M. Timaeus, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)

AIDS-related death represents a long-term shock episode characterised by a series of events that unfold as illness progresses and households respond to deaths. Recent research on the impact of HIV and AIDS on rural livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa has highlighted the heterogeneity of impacts of HIV and AIDS morbidity and mortality on households’ demographic and economic resources. This paper explores the temporal dimension of the impact of adult deaths on survivors’ consumption differentiating by cause of death and sex of the dead person. Effects can in fact be heterogeneous with deaths affecting welfare differentially depending on how long ago they occurred. This paper contributes to the estimation of the gross effects of adult mortality while addressing the endogeneity of adult deaths to consumption, unobserved heterogeneity and correcting for bias due to the temporal auto-correlation of household consumption.

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Presented in Session 137: Family Structure and HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa