The Context of Condom Use among Young Adults in the Philippines: Implications for HIV Risk Prevention

Marguerite B. Lucea, Johns Hopkins University
Linda Rose, Johns Hopkins University
Joan Kub, Johns Hopkins University

Documented HIV prevalence in the Philippines is low (<1%), but several societal risk factors place it at the verge of a burgeoning epidemic. In this predominantly Roman Catholic country (85% of the population), limited data are available on condom use (CU) among the general population. This paper examines the context of CU among young adults in Cebu, the second largest metropolitan area in the Philippines. Through focus groups, we explore the constraints to CU in this age group as well as uncover the general perceptions of persons choosing to use condoms in their sexual relationships. Analysis found five broad themes representing constraints, including the cultural context, relationship status, perceived implications, misperceptions of condoms, and relationship communication. Religious beliefs appear to be influential in some, but not all, of the themes. We conclude with recommendations for research and public health efforts to enhance HIV risk protection programs in the Philippines.

  See paper

Presented in Poster Session 3