Internal Migration of Unemployed Women and Men in Tunisia: A Traditional Model of Migration in a Transitional Society

Ibtihel Bouchoucha, Institut national d'études démographiques (INED)
Nadia Touihri, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED)

A large literature has shown the link between employment and migration (Todaro, 1969; Lambert, 1994). According to this theoretical framework, migration is largely related to the economic requirements. But, the gradual increase of female migration rise many questions about the effect of gender relations on migratory behaviors of women and men (Comoé, 2006). Our work is focused on internal migration of unemployed persons. The main objective is to study how gender relations influences migration probabilities of unemployed persons, in order to better understand the migratory behaviors of women and men, in Tunisia. By analyzing the macro and the micro depart conditions of the migrants we will try to explain the influence of gender relations on the migration decision. We will try through our work to see who migrate? And, for which reasons women and men migrate? The data used is sub-sample from the National Survey of Population and Employment (2005-2006).

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Presented in Poster Session 1